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《化学分析计量》 2017年第01期
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1008-6145.2017.01.012
原子荧光光谱法测定萤石中的微量铅
李海,余亚美,刘建军
河北地勘局唐山实验测试所 
Determination of Trace Lead in Fluorite by Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry
Li Hai, Yu Yamei, Liu Jianjun
Tangshan Laboratory of Geologic Prospecting Bureau of Hebei Province, Tangshan 063000, China 
摘要:以铁氰化钾-盐酸羟胺体系代替铁氰化钾-草酸体系,建立原子荧光法测定萤石中铅含量的方法。对实验条件进行了优化,在负高压280 V,灯电流65 mA,原子化高度8 mm,还原剂3%硼氢化钾溶液(含0.5% NaOH),载流4%盐酸的工作条件下,铁氰化钾-盐酸羟胺体系有明显的增感作用。样品中Ca2+含量在4 g/L之内不影响铅的测定,溶解阶段通过高氯酸冒烟赶尽HF排除氟离子的干扰,并加入硫氰酸钠-邻菲罗啉消除铁和铜等离子的干扰。测定铅的线性范围为0~80 ng/L,相关系数r=0.9996,方法检出限为0.187 μg/L,测定结果的相对标准偏差为0.25%~1.40%(n=12),加标回收率为97.8%~104.5%。该方法测定结果与电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法测定结果相符。原子荧光光谱法快速准确,基体干扰少,灵敏度高。 
Abstract:Lead in in fluorite was determined by atomic fluorescence method with potassium ferricyanide -hydroxylamine hydrochloride system instead of potassium ferricyanide-oxalic acid. The experiment conditions were optimized. Potassium ferricyanide-hydroxylamine hydrochloride had sensitization significantly under the working conditions with negative high voltagewhich of 280 V, lamp current of 65 mA, the atomic height of 8 mm, 3% potassium borohydride reducing agent solution (containing 0.5% NaOH), carrying 4% hydrochloric acid. Ca2+ which content within 4 g/L did not affect the determination of lead. During the dissolution stage fluoride ions interference was eliminated by adding perchloric acid to drive HF, and the interference of iron and copper were eliminated by adding sodium thiocyanate phenanthroline. The linear range of lead detection was 0-80 ng/L, linear correlation coefficient was 0.9996. The detection limit was 0.187 μg/L, the relative deviation of detection results was 0.25%-1.40% (n=12), the recovery rate was 97.8%-104.5%. The results detected by the method were consistent with those detected by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The atomic fluorescence method is fast and accurate, has low interference and high sensitivity. 
关键词:原子荧光光度法;铅;铁氰化钾-盐酸羟胺;萤石 
Keywords:atomic fluorescence spectrometry; lead; potassium ferricyanide hydroxylamine hydrochloride; fluorite 
本文引用格式:
李海,余亚美,刘建军.原子荧光光谱法测定萤石中的微量铅[J].化学分析计量,2017,26(1):51-54.
Li Hai,Yu Yamei,Liu Jianjun.Determination of Trace Lead in Fluorite by Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry[J]. Chemical analysis and meterage,2017,26(1):51-54. 

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